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Water Recycling

India is now the second largest urban system in the world after China. According to the Ministry of Urban Development, the proportion of the urban population is expected to increase from 30% currently to 40% by 2030. This means an increased pressure on urban infrastructure. The government estimates that 91% of its urban population has access to drinking water, but only 58% have availability within their premises. The coverage of sewerage and sanitation is at a mere 63%. It is estimated that the sewage generation in Class I cities and Class II towns is 33,212 million liters per day, and the current treatment capacity is only 6,190. Currently, only a tenth of the sewage generated is treated before discharge. The Tenth Plan estimates that for 100% coverage for drinking water and 75% for sanitation the total requirement was INR537 billion. However, the outlay for the Tenth Plan was INR200 billion. The Eleventh Plan aims at covering 100% of the urban population for drinking water, sanitation and waste management. There is a substantial increase in the estimates because the total funds requirement for the Eleventh Plan is INR1, 276 billion which is 6.3x the allocation in the Tenth Plan. Almost 55% of this outlay is scheduled to be met through the Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) and the Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT).

Private participation in water and sanitation projects is limited

Most water and sanitation projects are not considered bankable as utilities are generally loss-making with high distribution losses and low tariffs Water consumption in most cases is not metered, and revenue is not related to consumption.

Private Player participation

Investments in the irrigation sector are likely to increase by 2x to INR2, 231 billion in the Eleventh Plan compared with the Tenth Plan. Historically, the sector has witnessed substantial slippages. For e.g., in the Tenth Plan, the irrigation potential created was 8.8 million hectares compared with 16.7 million hectares planned initially. The plan for the Eleventh plan is also aggressive at 16 million hectares. There is a large bank of projects that are scheduled to be implemented over the next five years. States with large project banks include: Andhra Pradesh (INR774 billion), Gujarat (INR784 billion), Karnataka (INR119 billion), Madhya Pradesh (INR120 billion), Maharashtra (INR322 billion) and Orissa (INR116 billion). The outlay under the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) is likely to increase by 72% in the Eleventh Plan. AIPB is the flagship scheme through which the Center provides assistance to states for major irrigation projects. The Planning Commission has targeted a total investment of INR2, 625 billion in the Eleventh Plan compared with INR1, 115 billion spent in the Tenth Plan. However, in a recent consultation paper, the Planning Commission estimates a targeted investment of INR2, 231 billion (a 15% cut from initial estimates of INR2, 625 55 billion). We also note that in the Tenth Plan total expenditure was INR1, 115 billion. There is a large pipeline of irrigation projects that are under implantation. There is also a substantial spillover of projects in the Eleventh Plan. Of the 477 projects that spilled over from earlier plans, 63% aren’t approved by state governments. Some states with a large pipeline of irrigation projects include AP (INR774 billion), Gujarat (INR784 billion), Karnataka (INR119 billion), MP (INR120 billion), Maharashtra (INR322 billion) and Orissa (INR116 billion).

Major players

Aquachem Enviro Engineers Pvt. Ltd.

Aquachem started off with Consultancy and Operation & Maintenance Projects in the field of Waste Water Treatment. In two decades, it has gained extensive experience by handling Turnkey Waste Water Treatment plants for :
Food & FMCG
Textiles industries
Domestic Sewage (STP)

Aqua chem. Enviro Engineers have completed nine hundred successful pollution control assignments under our belt and are ready to handle new challenging assignments with full confidence.

The company has its Head Office is located in the city near Domestic air port. Its premises in Navi Mumbai admeasuring 5000 sq.ft of constructed area and substantial space for future expansion at is a two storied building houses Design Office, modern Laboratory and Work Shop facilities.

Lars Enviro Private limited

A professionally managed environmental Engineering company providing concept to commissioning cost effective solutions by offering state of the art innovative and proven technologies to their client’s to meet their environmental needs with a thrust on recovering the valuable resources like biogas, heavy metals and wastewater recycling ,thus making its systems a vital part of the respective industry. Technological progress and value added are really the substitute of ideas, skills, and knowledge and experience for physical work and physical resources. The company has collaboration with Larsen Engineers, Rochester, USA, and a multi disciplinary firm with technical excellence in biomethanation, water treatment, sewage treatment, Solid and Hazardous waste management has put us on the continual learning and improvement in our expertise. The company expertise’s in the following offerings as below :
Biomethanation Systems (Fixed film and suspended growth)
Effluent treatment Plants
Sewage treatment Plants
Water treatment Plants
Wastewater re-use and recovery systems
Municipal Solid Waste Management
Sludge Management
Supply of Pollution Control Equipments

Current Market Trends

Maharashtra takes a lead in water reforms: the state has launched its water

policy with the objective of sustainable development and optimal management of its water resources. A policy decision to form cooperative water users’ associations (WUAs) and to hand over to them the irrigation management on all irrigation projects has already been made. The state government’ efforts to carry out administrative reforms has paid off, as irrigation efficiency has increased to 117 ha per million cu.m from 101 ha per million cu.m. There also has been a substantial rise in revenues over the past three years. The World Bank has acknowledged the state’s efforts in reforming the water sector and has recently provided a loan. Maharashtra has pioneered in the establishment of a water resources regulatory authority. The authority would regulate sectoral allocation, water rates, changes in water use/diversion of water use and compensation for such changes in water use. There has been no major initiative to involve the private sector at the state level. However, there have been scattered instances at district or municipality levels. Meanwhile, the government is striving to mobilize additional funds of Rs 33,750 crore for the completion of 1,076 ongoing irrigation projects.

Degremont signs deal with Mumbai civic body for water treatment: Degrémont

a subsidiary of Suez Environment, has signed a contract with Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai for the design, construction and a four-year operation of one of the largest water treatment plants in the country. The project cost is estimated at Rs. 340 crore. The Mumbai plant will treat 9.9 lakh cubic meters of water and supplement the Bhandup plant. Degrémont will provide the plant with its own filtration and decantation technologies. The contract is to be executed in 48 months. The order includes a treatment process and about 160 tones of sludge will be treated per day by a thickening and centrifugation process.

Private-public partnerships in water taking off: public private partnership (PPP)

model is common in most sectors; the water sector is just opening up to this idea. PPP in the water sector has been just initiated and a beginning has been made by the Government. And to ensure that citizens do not suffer check points have been introduced. The step would also aid in achieving 100 per cent access to water as targeted in the Eleventh Plan. And levying user charges would help in sustaining the departments in a better and efficient manner.

The Planning Commission, Government of India
Kavan Bhandaray