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Maharashtra has excellent infrastructural facility to play a key role in the growth of its industrial units and promote overall development of the economy.It has made infrastructure development in the State as the area of key focus. It is well-connected by roadways, railways, waterways and airways. The power supply in the State is one of the most stable and reliable in the country. The State has also an excellent telecommunication network. All these services helps to link the State effectively with the rest of the country and with the world-cities. As a result, the Government of Maharashtra has been undertaking several infrastructural projects, from time to time, in order to attract large investments into the State.


Maharashtra has the largest road network in the country with a total road length of over 235,595 km consisting of 4,367 km of National Highways; 33,406 km of State Highways and 48,824 km of major district roads. Five national highways connect the State with Delhi, Calcutta, Allahabad, Hyderabad, and Bangalore. National highways‘length is 4,367 kmand state highways‘length is 33,800 km under the ongoing National Highway Development Programme (NHDP), 721 km are being converted into four-to six-lane highways. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway forms an important link between the financial and the cultural capital of the state. The State has an extensive road network, including a six-lane dual carriage expressway linking the cities of Mumbai and Pune.


Most cities in Maharashtra are well connected through an efficient railway network. Maharashtra has 5527 km of railway routes of, which 78.6 percent is broad gauge, 7.8 percent is meter gauge and 13.6 percent is narrow gauge. The Western, Central and Harbour railway lines connect the Mumbai city to distant suburbs and destinations across India. The Central Railways, one of the zones of the Indian Railways, has its headquarters in Mumbai, at the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Maharashtra also has an intra-city network of railways. The suburban railways is responsible for carrying 6.1 million passengers every day


The State has a total of 24 airfields/ airports. Of these, 17 are under the control of the State Government; four are managed and controlled by the International Airport Authority/Airport Authority of India, and three by the Ministry of Defence. Maharashtra has air connectivity with 10 cities, the main airports being Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur and Nashik. Mumbai is India‘s busiest airport. Further, an additional airport is being proposed at Navi-Mumbai. A greenfield airport is proposed near Pune. 34 per cent of the country‘s International passengers are handled by airports in Maharashtra. The Airfields under the control of the State Government have no facilities for the operation of commercial flights. At present, International airport in Mumbai is the largest and busiest airport in the country, offering daily flights to all the major cities of the world. Also, Pune airport has air connections to Mumbai and New Delhi.


There are two major and 48 notified minor ports in the State. Mumbai port and the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) are the two major ports, which together provide the largest port facilities in the country. They handle a major proportion of the country's incoming and outgoing cargo traffic. JNPT is the country's largest container port, with container traffic of over 4.06 million 20-foot-equivalent unit (TEUs) in 2007–08. It also ranks among the top 30 container ports in the world. JNPT has a container terminal operated by P&O, UK, which has been developed through private investment on a build-operate-transfer (BOT) basis. The road connectivity to the JNPT port shall significantly improve on completion of the ongoing expansion of the national highway linking the port to the mainland.


Maharashtra has the largest installed electricity generation capacity in the country. A large number of hydroelectric as well as thermal power plants have been set up across the State. The installed capacity in the State is 12,909 MW. Total electricity generation increased from 37,311 million kWh to 79,721 million kWh between 1990–91 and 2007–08. The consumption of electricity in the state increased from 29,971 million kWh in 1990–91 to 69,838 million kWh in 2007–2008. Installed capacity of thermal stations continued to form the largest share (51 per cent) of the installed generating capacity followed by hydro stations.The peak requirement for power in the state stood at 17,489 MW for the year 2007–08. The state has a captive electricity generation capacity of 908 MW. The industrial sector is the largest consumer followed by domestic and then agriculture.


Maharashtra has witnessed rapid development in telecommunications services over the last decade. Maharashtra is the second-largest GSM market with 11.2 million subscribers in 2006–07. By March 2008, the number of PCOs under MTNL and BSNL were 0.16 million and 0.31 million, respectively. The number of mobile phone users per lakh population at the end of December 2008 in the state was 40,713. Maharashtra boasts close to 4 million telephone lines, more than any other State in the country and a large number of Internet Service Providers and cell phone operators.


Maharashtra has the second-highest literacy rate in the country.The state‘s education network consists of 10 universities, over 1,800 higher education institutions, 72,053 primary schools and 20,339 secondary schools. The state has 549 engineering colleges with an annual intake of over 100,000 students. In addition, there are 617 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and 53 architecture colleges with an annual intake capacity of over 95,000 and 2,500, respectively. One of the six Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) is located at Mumbai.The state also has a number of reputed national R&D institutions including: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, National Chemical Laboratories, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.


There are 253 medical institutes and 136 nursing colleges with an annual intake of over 10,926 and 3,500, respectively, in the state. The network of public and government-aided health facilities in the state comprises 1,099 hospitals, 2,072 dispensaries and 1,818 primary health centres. The number of beds in various public and government-aided health institutions in the state is 94, 603, which is 88 beds per million population.

Public Works Department, Government of Maharashtra
Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2008-09
Forest Department, Government of Maharashtra