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Maharashtra is a leader in biotechnology because of its diverse strengths such as superior human resources, excellent private and public institutions, superb infrastructure and proactive Government policies. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC); Indian Institute of Technology (IIT); Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR); National Chemical Laboratory (NCL); National Centre For Cell Science (NCCS); National Institute of Virology (NIV); National AIDS Research Institute (NARI); Agharkar Research Institute (ARI); National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI); etc. are some of the leading institutions in Mumbai and Pune doing pioneering research work in the field of biotechnology. In addition, some defence research establishments in the State are conducting cutting edge research in biomedicals, bioinformatics and biotechnology.

The core competence and strengths of the biotech industries of Maharashtra are :

Handling fermentation-based products;
Use of plant and animal parts for extracting value added products of high purity;
Use of cell/microbial culture techniques;
Plant breeding techniques;
Plant cell/tissue culture; etc.